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Blast Furnace By Bhawesh Barve

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GYAN GANGA COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY JABALPUR

IRON MANUFACTURINGBYBHAWESH BARVEM.E- 4th SEM0208ME141017

What is iron?Iron is very reactive and is found in nature in form of its oxides ,carbonates and sulphates.Symbole-Featomic no.-26atomic mass-55.84melting point 1538CBoiling point -2750Cstate-solidcolour-silver gray

1) iron is not found free in nature.2)But is found in iron ores such as heamatite(fe2o3),megnatite(fe3o4).*The main iron ore is heamatite.

Types of Iron1) Pig Iron 2)Cast Iron3)Wrought Iron

Allotropes Of Iron1) Alpha Iron2) Beta Iron3)Gamma Iron

Source

Manufacturing Of Pig IronByBlast Furnance

Charge Use in Blast Furnance

1) Iron Ore- Hematite (Fe2O3)Magnatite(Fe3O4)2) Coke- Heating Agent /Reducing Agent 3) Lime Stone- As a Flux.

Reactions At Blast Furnance 1) Zone Of Fusion-It is the lower most zone.Temp.- 1300-1500C

C + O2------ CO2 + 400Kj

2)Zone of Absorption-Middle Zone.Temp.- 800-1000C

CO2 +C -------- 2CO +160 KjCaCo3------ Cao + CO2Cao +Sio2-----CaSio3 (slag)3) Zone Of Reduction Upper most Zone .Temp- 400-700CFe2O3 + 3CO----2Fe + 3CO2

Impurities Found In Iron Ore And There Effects

1) P-% vary from 0.1 to 2%It combined with Iron &form Fe3P it embrittles iron.2) S -%vary from 0.4 to 1%It also makes Iron brittle ,hard &produce unsound casting.3) Mn-%vary from 0.5 to 1%it increases hardness.4) Si - %vary from 1 to 4%it reduces the strength of iron and make it brittle.5) C- 4to 4.5%1)

The hoba meteroite

In Namibia is the largest naturally occuring piece of iron in the world.Weight -60tonsIron-82 83%Ni 16- 17%Co 1%

ANY QUERY